Open Access | Perspective
Microstructures 2023;3:[Accepted]. 10.20517/microstructures.2023.50

Sensing multiferroic states non-invasively using optical second harmonic generation

Views: 135
Jean Yves Chauleau, Morgan Trassin
Correspondence Address: Prof. Morgan Trassin, Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8092, Switzerland. E-mail:; Dr. Jean-Yves Chauleau, SPEC, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette 91191, France. E-mail:
Received: 18 Sep 2023 | Revised: 27 Oct 2023 | Accepted: 1 Nov 2023

© The Author(s) 2023. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, for any purpose, even commercially, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


The current boost in the search for energy-efficient device paradigms motivates the integration of materials with coexisting and coupled electric and magnetic order parameters into application-relevant architectures. In the so-called multiferroic magnetoelectrics, the understanding of switching events, however, is most of the time obstructed by the complex physics involved and in the non-trivial domain and domain walls configurations. This perspective offers an insightful overview of the most recent progress in non-invasive, optical probe of technology-significant ferroelectricity and antiferromagnetic order: the optical second harmonic generation (SHG). Over the last decade its use in material science has evolved and SHG is now enabling the monitoring of the emergence of polarization in thin films, even during the epitaxial deposition process. Its long working distance further expedites the probe of multiple order parameters in various environment and under multi-stimuli excitations. The potential for the probe of complex electric dipole textures such as ferroelectric skyrmions and time-resolved measurements using SHG-based approach in most recent materials systems will be discussed.


Multiferroics, BiFeO3, SHG, ferroelectrics, antiferromagnetic, thin films

Cite This Article

Chauleau JY, Trassin M. Sensing multiferroic states non-invasively using optical second harmonic generation. Microstructures 2023;3:[Accept].

Cite This Article 8 clicks
Share This Article
Scan the QR code for reading!
See Updates
Hot Topics
properties |
ISSN 2770-2995 (Online)
Follow Us


All published articles are preserved here permanently:


All published articles are preserved here permanently: