1. Weiss R, Grisold W, Jellinger K, Mühlbauer J, Scheiner W, Vesely M. Metastasis of solid tumors in extraocular muscles. Acta Neuropathol (Berl) 1984;65:168-71.

2. Capone A Jr, Slamovits TL. Discrete metastasis of solid tumors to extraocular muscles. Arch Ophtalmol 1990;108:237-43.

3. van der Heijden A, Twijnstra A, Lamers WP, Hupperets PS, Freling G. An unusual case of diplopia in a cancer patient. Eur J Cancer 1991;27:1315-6.

4. Cuttone JM, Litvin J, McDonald JE. Carcinoma metastatic to an extraocular muscle. Ann Ophthal 1981;13:213-6.

5. Ashton N, Morgan G. Discrete carcinomatous metastases in the extraocular muscles. Br J Ophthalmol 1974;58:112-7.

6. Shields JA, Shields CL, Brotman HK, Carvalho C, Perez N, Eagle RC, Jr. Cancer metastatic to the orbit, the 2000 Robert M. Curts Lecture. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;17:346-54.

7. Jensen OA. Metastatic tumours of the eye and orbit. A histopathological analysis of a Danish series. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand Suppl 1970;212:Suppl 212:201+.

8. Shields JA, Shields CL, Scartozzi R. Survey of 1264 patients with orbital tumors and simulating lesions. The 2002 Montgomery Lecture, part 1. Ophthalmology 2004;111:997-1008.

9. Mortada A. Binocular diplopia due to metastasis in orbital muscle from female breast cancer years after radical mastectomy. Orbit 1984;3:71-3.

10. Hart IR. 'Seed and soil' revisited: mechanisms of site-specific metastasis. Cancer Metastasis Rev 1982;1:5-16.

11. Paget S. The distribution of secondary growths in cancer of the breast. 1889. Cancer Metastasis Rev 1989;8:98-101.

12. Font RL, Ferry AP. Carcinoma metastatic to the eye and orbit III. A clinicopathologic study of 28 cases metastatic to the orbit. Cancer 1976;38:1326-35.

13. Wickremasinghe S, Dansingani KK, Tranos P, Liyanage S, Jones A, Davey C. Ocular presentation of breast cancer. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2007;85:133-42.

14. Inwald EC, Klinkhammer-Schalke M, Hofstädter F, Zeman F, Koller M, Gerstenhauer M, Ortmann O. Ki-67 is a prognostic parameter in breast cancer patients: Result of large population base cohort of a cancer registry. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2013;139:539-52.

Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment
ISSN 2454-2857 (Online) 2394-4722 (Print)


All published articles are preserved here permanently:


All published articles are preserved here permanently: