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Recent advances in 2D structured materials with defect-exploiting design strategies for electrocatalysis of nitrate to ammonia

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Energy Mater 2024;4:[Accepted].
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Abstract

Ammonia has been used in a wide variety of applications, and with the recent interest in hydrogen energy as a green energy source, ammonia, with its three hydrogen atoms, is emerging as a cost-effective, high-density hydrogen carrier. Currently, ammonia is produced by the Haber-Bosch method at high temperatures and pressure, which is energy-intensive and emits large amounts of carbon dioxide. As a viable alternative, the electrochemical conversion of nitrate to ammonia has emerged as an efficient and eco-friendly synthesis method. To encourage further exploration in this field, this review offers insights into utilizing two-dimensional materials as electrochemical catalysts, focusing on designs that exploit defects for nitrate reduction to ammonia.

Keywords

Nitrate reduction reaction, ammonia synthesis, 2D electrocatalyst, defect engineering

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Choi J, Im S, Choi J, Surendran S, Moon DJ, Kim JY, Kim JK, Sim U. Recent advances in 2D structured materials with defect-exploiting design strategies for electrocatalysis of nitrate to ammonia. Energy Mater 2024;4:[Accept]. http://dx.doi.org/10.20517/energymater.2023.67


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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, for any purpose, even commercially, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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