1. Cockcroft JO, Berry CB, McGrath JS, Daugherty MO. Anesthesia for major urological surgery. Anesthesiol Clin 2015;33:165-72.

2. Arunkumar R, Rebello E, Owusu-Agyemang P. Anaesthetic techniques for unique cancer surgery procedures. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2013;27:513-26.

3. Falabella A, Moore-Jeffries E, Sullivan MJ, Nelson R, Lew M. Cardiac function during steep Trendelenburg position and CO2 pneumoperitoneum for robotic-assisted prostatectomy: a trans-oesophageal Doppler probe study. Int J Med Robot 2007;3:312-5.

4. Modi PK, Kwon YS, Patel N, Dinizo M, Farber N, Zhao PT, Salmasi A, Parihar J, Ginsberg S, Ha YS, Kim IY. Safety of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with pneumoperitoneum of 20 mmHg: a study of 751 patients. J Endourol 2015;29:1148-51.

5. Kalmar AF, Foubert JF, Hendrickx JFA, Mottrie A, Absalom A, Mortier EP, Struys MM. Influence of steep Trendelenburg position and CO2 pneumoperitoneum on cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory homeostasis during robotic prostatectomy. Br J Anaesth 2010;104:433-9.

6. Awad H, Walker CM, Shaikh M, Dimitrova GT, Abaza R, O'Hara J. Anesthetic considerations for robotic prostatectomy: a review of the literature. J Clin Anesth 2012;24:494-504.

7. Gutt CN, Oniu T, Mehrabi A, Schemmer P, Kashfi A, Kraus T, Büchler MW. Circulatory and respiratory complications of carbon dioxide insufflation. Dig Surg 2004;21:95-105.

8. Chen Y, Xie Y, Xue Y, Wang B, Jin X. Effects of ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block on autonomic nervous function during CO2-pneumoperitoneum: a randomized double-blind control trial. J Clin Anesth 2016;32:255-61.

9. Dal Moro F, Crestani A, Valotto C, Guttilla A, Soncin R, Mangano A, Zattoni F. Anesthesiologic effects of transperitoneal versus extraperitoneal approach during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: results of a prospective randomized study. Int Braz J Urol 2015;41:466-72.

10. Meininger D, Byhahn C, Wolfram M, Mierdl S, Kessler P, Westphal K. Prolonged intraperitoneal versus extraperitoneal insufflation of carbon dioxide in patients undergoing totally endoscopic robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Surg Endosc 2004;18:829-33.

11. Gainsburg DM. Anesthetic concerns for robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Minerva Anestesiol 2012;78:596-604.

12. Gerges FJ, Kanazi GE, Jabbour-Khoury SI. Anesthesia for laparoscopy: a review. J Clin Anesth 2006;18:67-78.

13. O'Malley C, Cunningham AJ. Physiologic changes during laparoscopy. Anesthesiol Clin North Am 2001;1:1-18.

14. Khetarpal R, Bali K, Chatrath V, Bansal D. Anesthetic considerations in the patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing laparoscopic surgeries. Anesth Essays Res 2016;10:7-12.

15. Lian M, Zhao X, Wang H, Chen L, Li S. Respiratory dynamics and dead space to tidal volume ratio of volume-controlled versus pressure-controlled ventilation during prolonged gynecological laparoscopic surgery. Surg Endosc 2017;31:3605-13.

16. Kilic OF, Börgers A, Köhne W, Musch M, Kröpfl D, Groeben H. Effects of steep Trendelenburg position for robotic-assisted prostatectomies on intra and extrathoracic airways in patients with or without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Br J Anaesth 2015;114:70-6.

17. Lestar M, Gunnarsson L, Lagerstrand L, Wiklund P, Odeberg-Wernerman S. Hemodynamic perturbations during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in 45° Trendelenburg position. Anesth Analg 2011;113:1069-75.

18. Odeberg S, Ljungqvist O, Sevenberg T, Gannedahl P, Bäckdahl M, von Rosen A, Sollevi A. Haemodynamic effects of pneumoperitoneum and the influence of posture during anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1994;38:276-83.

19. Irwin MG, Wong SSC. Anaesthesia and minimally invasive surgery. Anaesth Intensive Care Med 2015;16:17-20.

20. Yong J, Hibbert P, Runciman WB, Coventry BJ. Bradycardia as an early warning sign for cardiac arrest during routine laparoscopic surgery. Int J Qual Health Care 2015;27:473-8.

21. Rosendal C, Markin S, Hien MD, Motsch J, Roggenbach J. Cardiac and hemodynamic consequences during capnoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg positioning: lessons learned from robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. J Clin Anesth 2014;26:383-9.

22. Sonny A, Sessler DI, You J, Kashy BK, Sarwar S, Singh AK, Sale S, Alfirevic A, Duncan AE. The response to Trendelenburg position is minimally affected by underlying hemodynamic conditions in patients with aortic stenosis. J Anesth 2017;31:692-702.

23. Baltayian S. A brief review: anesthesia for robotic surgery. J Robotic Surg 2008;2:59-66.

24. Robba C, Cardim D, Donnelly J, Bertuccio A, Bacigaluppi S, Bragazzi N, Cabella B, Liu X, Matta B, Lattuada M, Czosnyka M. Effects of pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position on intracranial pressure assessed using different non-invasive methods. Br J Anaesth 2016;117:783-91.

25. Kim MS, Bai SJ, Lee JR, Choi YD, Kim YJ, Choi SH. Increase in intracranial pressure during carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum with steep Trendelenburg positioning proven by ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter. J Endourol 2014;28:801-6.

26. Lahaye L, Grasso M, Green J, Biddle CJ. Cerebral tissue O2 saturation during prolonged robotic surgery in the steep Trendelenburg position: an observational case series in a diverse surgical population. J Robot Surg 2015;9:19-25.

27. Kalmar AF, Dewaele F, Foubert L, Hendrickx JF, Heeremans EH, Struys MM, Absalom A. Cerebral haemodynamic physiology during steep Trendelenburg position and CO2 pneumoperitoneum. Br J Anaesth 2012;108:478-84.

28. Sood J. Advancing frontiers in anaesthesiology with laparoscopy. World J Gastroenterol 2014;20:14308-14.

29. Haas S, Haese A, Goetz AE, Kubitz JC. Haemodynamics and cardiac function during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy in steep Trendelenburg position. Int J Med Robot 2011;7:408-13.

30. Hong JY, Kim JY, Choi YD, Rha KH, Yoon SJ, Kil HK. Incidence of venous gas embolism during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is lower than that during radical retropubic prostatectomy. Br J Anaesth 2010;105:777-81.

31. Hong JY, Kim WO, Kil HK. Detection of subclinical CO2 Embolism by transesophageal echocardiography during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Urology 2010;75:581-4.

32. Joshi GP. Complications of laparoscopy. Anesthesiol Clin North America 2001;19:89-105.

33. Salihoglu Z, Demiroluk S, Dikmen Y. Respiratory mechanics in morbid obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and hypertension during pneumoperitoneum. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2003;20:658-61.

34. Bauman TM, Potretzke AM, Vetter JM, Bhayani SB, Figenshau RS. Cerebrovascular disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increase risk of complications with robotic partial nephrectomy. J Endourol 2016;30:293-9.

35. Assad OM, El Sayed AA, Khalil MA. Comparison of volume controlled ventilation and pressure-controlled ventilation volume guaranteed during laparoscopic surgery in Trendelenburg position. J Clin Anesth 2016;34:55-61.

36. Balick-Weber CC, Nicolas P, Hedreville-Montout M, Blanchet P, Stéphan F. Respiratory and haemodynamic effects of volume-controlled vs pressure-controlled ventilation during laparoscopy: a cross-over study with echocardiographic assessment. Br J Anaesth 2007;99:429-35.

37. Choi EM, Na S, Choi SH, An J, Rha KH, Oh YJ. Comparison of volume-controlled and pressure-controlled ventilation in steep Trendelenburg position for robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. J Clin Anesth 2011;23:183-8.

38. Maltby JR, Beriault MT, Watson NC, Liepert D, Fick GH. The LMA-ProSeal is an effective alternative to tracheal intubation for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Can J Anaesth 2002;49:857-62.

39. Lan S, Zhou Y, Li JT, Zhao ZZ, Liu Y. Influence of lateral position and pneumoperitoneum on oropharyngeal leak pressure with two types of laryngeal mask airways. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2017;61:1114-21.

40. Rustagi P, Patkar GA, Ourasang AK, Tendolkar BA. Effect of pneumoperitoneum and lateral position on oropharyngeal seal pressures of ProsealLMA in laparoscopic urological procedures. J Clin Diagn Res 2017;11:UC05-9.

41. Chang CH, Lee HK, Nam SH. The displacement of the tracheal tube during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010;27:478-80.

42. McAllister JD, D'Altorio RA, Snyder A. CT findings after uncomplicated percutaneous laparoscopic cholecsytectomy. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1991;15:770-2.

43. Özgök A, Kazanci D. Anesthesiology in robotic surgery and robotic radical prostatectomy. Robot Lap Endosurg 2016;2:30-3.

44. Mari A, Antonelli A, Bertolo R, Bianchi G, Borghesi M, Ficarra V, Fiori C, Furlan M, Giancane S, Longo N, Mirone V, Morgia G, Porpiglia F, Rovereto B, Schiavina R, Serni S, Simeone C, Volpe A, Carini M, Minervini A. Predictive factors of overall and major postoperative complications after partial nephrectomy: results from a multicenter prospective study (The RECORd 1 project). Eur J Surg Oncol 2017;43:823-30.

45. Zhao LC, Han JS, Loeb S, Tenggardjaja C, Rubenstein RA, Smith ND, Nadler RB. Thoracic complications of urologic laparoscopy: correlation between radiographic findings and clinical manifestations. J Endourol 2008;22:607-14.

46. Nguyen NT, Perez RV, Fleming N, Rivers R, Wolfe BM. Effect of prolonged pneumoperitoneum on intraoperative urine output during laparoscopic gastric bypass. J Am Coll Surg 2002;195:476-83.

47. Sodha S, Nazarian S, Adshead JM, Vasdev N, Mohan-S G. Effect of pneumoperitoneum on renal function and physiology in patients undergoing robotic renal surgery. Curr Urol 2016;9:1-4.

48. Wever KE, Bruintjes MH, Warlé MC, Hooijmans CR. Renal perfusion and function during pneumoperitoneum: a systematic review and meta-analysis of animal studies. PLoS One 2016;11:e0163419.

49. Lee JY, Choi SH. Results of hepatic and renal function tests to different CO2 pneumoperitoneum conditions: an experimental capnoperitoneum study in dogs. Res Vet Sci 2015;101:1-5.

50. Russo A, Bevilacqua F, Scagliusi A, Scarano A, Di Stasio E, Marana R, Marana E. Dopamine infusion and fluid administration improve renal function during laparoscopic surgery. Minerva Anestesiol 2014;80:452-60.

51. Huh H, Kim NY, Park SJ, Cho JE. Effect of nicardipine on renal function following robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in patients with pre-existing renal insufficiency. J Int Med Res 2014;42:427-35.

52. Deem S, Davis CR, Tierney JP. Transient paralysis after robotic prostatectomy. J Robot Surg 2008;2:45-6.

53. Pandey R, Garg R, Darlong V, Punj J, Chandralekha. Hemiparesis after robotic laparoscopic radical cystectomy and ileal conduit formation in steep Trendelenburg position. J Robot Surg 2012;6:269-71.

54. Adisa AO, Onakpoya OH, Adenekan AT, Awe OO. Intraocular pressure changes with positioning during laparoscopy. JSLS 2016;20:e2016.00078.

55. Ozcan MF, Akbulut Z, Gurdal C, Tan S, Yildiz Y, Bayraktar S, Ozcan AN, Ener K, Altinova S, Arslan ME, Balbay MD. Does steep Trendelenburg positioning effect the ocular hemodynamics and intraocular pressure in patients undergoing robotic cystectomy and robotic prostatectomy? Int Urol Nephrol 2017;49:55-60.

56. Mills JT, Burris MB, Warburton DJ, Conaway MR, Schenkman NS, Krupski TL. Positioning injuries associated with robotic assisted urological surgery. J Urol 2013;190:580-4.

57. Danic MJ, Chow M, Alexander G, Bhandari A, Menon M, Brown M. Anesthesia considerations for robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy: a review of 1,500 cases. J Robotic Surg 2007;1:119-23.

58. Galyon SW, Richards KA, Pettus JA, Bodin SG. Three-limb compartment syndrome and rhabdomyolysis after robotic cystoprostatectomy. J Clin Anesth 2011;23:75-8.

59. Kochiashvili D, Sutidze M, Tchovelidze CH, Rukhadze I, Dzneladze A. Compartment syndrome, rhabdomyolysis and risk of acute renal failure as complications of the urological surgery. Georgian Med News 2007;(143):45-9.

60. O'Sullivan OE, O'Sullivan S, Hewitt M, O'Reilly BA. Da Vinci robot emergency undocking protocol. J Robot Surg 2016;10:251-3.

61. Huser AS, Müller D, Brunkhorst V, Kannisto P, Musch M, Kröpfl D, Groeben H. Simulated life-threatening emergency during robot-assisted surgery. J Endourol 2014;28:717-21.

Mini-invasive Surgery
ISSN 2574-1225 (Online)
Follow Us


All published articles are preserved here permanently:


All published articles are preserved here permanently: