Cover Picture: Molybdenite (MoS2) has been widely used in the fields of catalysis, desalination, energy storage and conversion and optoelectronics as a result of its unique crystal structures and unusual properties. In the last decade, the modification of the surface, structural and semiconducting properties of zero-, two- and three-dimensional (0D, 2D and 3D) MoS2 for enhanced applications has attracted considerable attention. In this review, we summarize the synthesis, modification methods and application of 0D, 2D and 3D MoS2. The unique structures and properties of 0D, 2D and 3D MoS2 are first introduced. Next, the preparation methods of 0D, 2D and 3D MoS2 are summarized. The modification methods, including surface, structural and composite engineering, for enhancing the physical and chemical properties of 0D, 2D and 3D are also discussed. Finally, inspired by natural and modified MoS2, future suggestions for the design of novel 0D, 2D and 3D MoS2 for various applications are also suggested. This review offers new insights into the design and construction of novel and efficient 0D, 2D and 3D MoS2 for practical applications.
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