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49. Heller L, Levin LS. Lower extremity microsurgical reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;108:1029-41. quiz 1042

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51. Wang HD, Alonso-Escalante JC, Cho BH, DeJesus RA. Versatility of free cutaneous flaps for upper extremity soft tissue reconstruction. J Hand Microsurg 2017;9:58-66.

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53. Chan JK, Harry L, Williams G, Nanchahal J. Soft-tissue reconstruction of open fractures of the lower limb: muscle versus fasciocutaneous flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg 2012;130:284e-95.

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55. Pederson WC. Upper extremity microsurgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;107:1524-37. discussion 1538-9, 1540-3

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57. Rodriguez ED, Bluebond-Langner R, Copeland C, Grim TN, Singh NK, et al. Functional outcomes of posttraumatic lower limb salvage: a pilot study of anterolateral thigh perforator flaps versus muscle flaps. J Trauma 2009;66:1311-4.

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63. Dumont CE, Domenghini C, Kessler J. Donor site morbidity after serratus anterior free muscular flap: a prospective clinical study. Ann Plast Surg 2004;52:195-8.

64. Taylor GI, Corlett RJ, Boyd JB. The versatile deep inferior epigastric (inferior rectus abdominis) flap. Br J Plast Surg 1984;37:330-50.

65. Rao VK, Baertsch A. Microvascular reconstruction of the upper extremity with the rectus abdominis muscle. Microsurgery 1994;15:746-50.

66. Horch RE, Stark GB. The rectus abdominis free flap as an emergency procedure in extensive upper extremity soft-tissue defects. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999;103:1421-7.

67. Hallock GG. A paradigm shift in flap selection protocols for zones of the lower extremity using perforator flaps. J Reconstr Microsurg 2013;29:233-40.

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73. Hong JP. The use of supermicrosurgery in lower extremity reconstruction: the next step in evolution. Plast Reconstr Surg 2009;123:230-5.

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76. Pederson WC, Grome L. Microsurgical reconstruction of the lower extremity. Semin Plast Surg 2019;33:54-8.

77. Hong JP, Koshima I. Using perforators as recipient vessels (supermicrosurgery) for free flap reconstruction of the knee region. Ann Plast Surg 2010;64:291-3.

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82. Jeng SF, Wei FC. Classification and reconstructive options in foot plantar skin avulsion injuries. Plast Reconstr Surg 1997;99:1695-703. discussion 1704-5

83. Shanahan RE, Gingrass RP. Medial plantar sensory flap for coverage of heel defects. Plast Reconstr Surg 1979;64:295-8.

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85. Zelken JA, Lin CH. An algorithm for forefoot reconstruction with the innervated free medial plantar flap. Ann Plast Surg 2016;76:221-6.

86. Löfstrand JG, Lin CH. Reconstruction of defects in the weight-bearing plantar area using the innervated free medial plantar (Instep) flap. Ann Plast Surg 2018;80:245-51.

87. Sinha AK, Wood MB, Irons GB. Free tissue transfer for reconstruction of the weight-bearing portion of the foot. Clin Orthop 1989:269-71.

88. Sönmez A, Bayramiçli M, Sönmez B, Numanoğlu A. Reconstruction of the weight-bearing surface of the foot with nonneurosensory free flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003;111:2230-6.

89. Chang KN, DeArmond SJ, Buncke HJ. Sensory reinnervation in microsurgical reconstruction of the heel. Plast Reconstr Surg 1986;78:652-64.

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92. Soucacos PN, Korompilias AV, Vekris MD, Zoubos A, Beris AE. The free vascularized fibular graft for bridging large skeletal defects of the upper extremity. Microsurgery 2011;31:190-7.

93. Houdek MT, Wagner ER, Wyles CC, Nanos GP, Moran SL. New options for vascularized bone reconstruction in the upper extremity. Semin Plast Surg 2015;29:20-9.

94. Bodde EWH, de Visser E, Duysens JEJ, Hartman EHM. Donor-site morbidity after free vascularized autogenous fibular transfer: subjective and quantitative analyses. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003;111:2237-42.

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97. Jones DB, Rhee PC, Bishop AT, Bishop AT, Shin AY. Free vascularized medial femoral condyle autograft for challenging upper extremity nonunions. Hand Clin 2012;28:493-501.

98. Kakar S, Duymaz A, Steinmann S, Shin AY, Moran SL. Vascularized medial femoral condyle corticoperiosteal flaps for the treatment of recalcitrant humeral nonunions. Microsurgery 2011;31:85-92.

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100. Aktuglu K, Erol K, Vahabi A. Ilizarov bone transport and treatment of critical-sized tibial bone defects: a narrative review. J Orthop Traumatol 2019;20:22.

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115. Fujiki M, Miyamoto S, Sakuraba M. Flow-through anastomosis for both the artery and vein in leg free flap transfer. Microsurgery 2015;35:536-40.

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117. Stark RB. Pre-operatively applied, mated, plaster of paris casts as an aid in the migration of open-pedicle cross leg flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg (1946) 1947;2:433-8.

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Plastic and Aesthetic Research
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